The English word “knowledge” means true or vertical cognition. By knowledge a man knows what is true or false. The word “know” does not have a certain sense. In one sense, know means to have some special form of competence. For example, an individual know to play the guitar because that individual has that special form of competence. That special form of competence is that he knows how to play the guitar. Another sense of ‘know’ is that in which the word means to be acquainted with. For example when I say that I know John, I mean I am acquainted with John. The third sense of ‘know’ means apprehended something and it has something information. For example it means I know that the neutrino has not mean of ‘o’ then I apprehended that something is information namely that the neutrino has a rest mass of ‘o’. From the above discussion, we can assume that the word knowledge is interrelated with some specific word – competence, acquaintance, justification and apprehension. Through these words, we get the Yarthartha-Jnana. However in Indian epistemological context, the word knowledge and cognition has different meaning. Cognition means what ever I know, but knowledge means whatever I really know.

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