Category Archives: 2016

देवनागरी लिपि का विकास

देवनागरी लिपि का उद्भाव कब हुआ, यह लम्बे समय तक विवाद का विषय रहा| यूरोपीय विद्वान वूलर, मेक्समूलर, बर्नेल आदि तीसरी – चौथी शताब्दी ई. पू. से पीछे जाने को तैयार न थे | पहली बार गौरीशंकर हीराचन्द ओझा ने ‘प्राचीन भारतीय लिपि माला’ में भारत में लिपि ज्ञान की प्राचीनता सिद्ध की | अब तो यह सिद्ध हो गया है कि ई. पू. 4000 वर्ष पहले भी भारत में सैन्धव लिपि प्रचलित थी | वास्तव में सैन्धव लिपि विश्व की प्रन्चिनतम ज्ञात लिपि है | अनेक विद्वान जैसे राजबली पाण्डेय, सुनीतिकुमार चटर्जी, उदयनारायण तिवारी आदि मानते है की सैन्धव लिपि से ही ब्राही लिपि का विकास हुआ जो समस्त उत्तरभारत की लिपियों का आधार है | ई. पू. पाँचवी शताब्दी से 350 ई. तक भारत में ब्राही लिपि का ही प्रयोग होता था | ब्राही लिपि से क्रमशः गुप्त लिपि ( पाँचवी शताब्दी तक), कुटिल लिपि (छठी से नौवीं शताब्दी तक) तथा प्राचीन नागरी लिपि (बारहवी शताब्दी तक) का विकास हुआ | गुप्त राजाओं के काल में प्रयुक्त होने के कारण यह गुप्त लिपि कहलाती थी | इसी प्रकार, अक्षरों की आकृति अधिक वक्र होने के कारण इसे कुटिल  लिपि कहा गया | कुटिल लिपि से प्राचीन नागरी के चार रूप विकसित हुए – अर्धनागरी, पूर्वीनागरी, नन्दिनागरी तथा सामान्य नागरी | देवनागरी का सम्बन्ध सामान्य नागरी से स्वीकार किया जाता है | कैथी, बंगला, उड़िया, मैथिली, असमिया, राजस्थानी, महाराष्ट्री, महाजनी, गुजराती आदि लिपियाँ भी प्राचीन नागरी के विभिन्न रूपों से विकसित है |


मूल शब्द देवनागरी लिपि

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In Mishing society ladies play a really vital role in economic life. They extensively participate within the system of production by rendering physical labour within the agricultural operation. Except clearing jungles and driving plough the womenfolk of the community perform the majority forms of works connected with agricultural production. Right from the stage of making ready the soil for spreading seeds up to the gathering crops the Mishing ladies associate them within the entire method of agricultural production.

Keywords: Mishing, Women.

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Hindi Ki Swanim Vyavastha

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Libraries have traditionally been allied with their collected works, and even more directly with their collected works of books. The term “library” derives from the Latin word liber (book), and terms for “library” in many languages are pedestal on their relationship to books. The library can be the collected works, the building housing that collected works, or the association as an entire, but a lot of people only the first definition matters; the other senses of library are subservient to the collected works. As libraries have evolved, the definition of collected works has expanded to encompass other types of material; educational libraries are currently as much concerning digital resources of all types as they are about printed volumes. Though a small amount of educational would conflict with this more unreserved description, for many the library is still fundamentally about the collected works. Yet libraries have in use on a range of functions to manage those collected works and the services and tools that libraries have built to make available access to content have develop to the point that they may become just as important to the institutional mission as the collected works itself.

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Socio economic status is an economic and sociological combined total measure of a person’s work experience and of an individual’s or family’s economic and social position in relation to others, based on income, education, and occupation. Socioeconomic status is typically broken into three levels (high, middle, and low) to describe the three areas a family or an individual may fall into. When placing a family or individual into one of these categories, any or all of the three variables (income, education, and occupation) can be assessed.

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Emotional Intelligence is the mental ability underlying the emotional sensitivity, awareness and management skills which help us maximize our long term health, happiness and survival. Saarni (2000) defined emotional intelligence as ‘the demonstration of self-efficacy in emotion eliciting social transactions. Self-efficacy means that the individual believes that he or she has a capacity and skills to achieve appearance, gestures and actions of students. Stein & Cook (2000)remarked that emotional intelligence is a set of skills that enables us to make our way in complex world. The personal, social and survival aspects of overall intelligence, Kravitz and Schuber (2004) emotional intelligence is the ability to understand and express your emotions to meet the requirements of day to day living, learning and relating to others. Mishra (2007) refers Emotional Intelligence as emotional reasoning used to understand & manage the expressions of emotions of self & others.

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In the event that you are from India, you will probably know no less than one story from the Panchatantra. We realize that the Panchatantra has some awesome short stories, yet to group this 2300 year old accumulation as a story book for little kids could be somewhat hurried. A cautious take a gander at it past the account discloses to us an alternate story. A basic view at the Panchatantra uncovers an innovative lifestyle training utilizing a down to earth and fun way, that too for all age gatherings.

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In this paper, various approaches to studying academic ability as a socially constructed category are presented. mental setup of learners is changing with the recent technologies. Therefore, Global trends are demanding training of versatility for developing new teaching strategies and ability to contribute knowledge for complex issues like individual goals of learners, physical and mental retardation and inclusion, etc. Reform in Education is the main and top priority agenda of almost all countries in the world. the paper considers how ‘academic ability’ and in particular, ‘talent’ have been studied in policy contexts and have been shaped by various programmatic imperatives.

Keywords: Ability, intelligence, talent, nation, social construction.

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The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between teacher freezing with mental health and personality among secondary school teachers. A total of 250 secondary school teachers (140 men and 110 women) between the ages range of 28-49 years old participated in this research. To collect data, all subject filled out

  1. Teacher Freezness Scale Constructed and standardized by Taj (1996) Parmod Kumar -Mental Health check list.

Arun Kumar Singh and Ashish Singh – Differential Personality Inventory

The results of present research showed that mental Health extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness were negatively significant correlations with teacher freezing sub-scales (P<0.05) but neuroticism was positively significant correlation with theme (P<0.05). On the other hand, conscientiousness was not significant with teacher freezing sub-scales (P>0.05). Thus, the strength of the correlations obtained in the present study suggests that mental health and personality have a significant role in teacher freezing in secondary school teachers.

Keywords: Teacher Freezing, Personality, Mental Health, Teachers.

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In the present research paper the researcher studied the academic motivation of secondary school students in relation to their self-concept. The objective of the present study was to classify the academic motivation of secondary school students in relation to dimension of self-concept. One null hypothesis has been formulated. Descriptive survey method has been used. Two standardized tools have been administrated on 304 secondary school students. As conclusion it can be said that some dimension of self-concept enhance the academic motivation and some dimension of self-concept not any effect on the academic motivation of secondary school students.

Keywords: Academic Motivation, Self-concept.

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