Category Archives: 2020

GOING THE DISTANCE: PERCEPTIONS OF TEACHERS IN OPEN AND DISTANCE

Background and Objective: The enactment of the Republic Act 10912 or Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Act of 2016 requires Filipino professionals to engage in lifelong learning practices by earning the required or minimum number of CPD units. However, issues such as affordability and accessibility to CPD seminar-workshops impede professionals to enroll and actively engage in professional development. As such, this paper aims to investigate the perceptions of secondary school professional teachers in a particular school in Manila, Philippines about the use of online and distance learning approaches in continuing professional development.

Methods and Findings: Using a qualitative case study research design, the data were collected through employing semi-structured interviews with 10 purposively selected professional teachers. Four themes emerged in this study: efficiency, accessibility, contextualization, and social network. Interestingly, the findings outline that the online and distance learning approach catalyzes in providing an avenue for lifelong learning engagement. This reflects the notion of opening a new learning pathway for professionals to continue engaging in improving their field of practice by utilizing open and distance learning programs.

Conclusion: Nonetheless, the results of this study can contribute to policymakers to rethink the way they plan, develop, and deliver CPD programs which will also address the existing and emergent issues, for instance, in complying CPD units in the Philippine context.

Keywords: Open and Distance Learning, Continuing Professional Development, Lifelong Learning.

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LEADERSHIP IN YOUNG FILIPINO CHILDREN SURVEY (LYFCS)

Background and Objective: Leadership development among young children has remain an abstract concept in traditional school setting, especially in the Early Childhood Education centers. Teachers are lacking a clear definition of who a child leader is. Research on the aspect of leadership focusing on Filipino children is scanty. In addition, little material is available to teachers’ perception on leadership among Filipino preschool children. There is no existing instrument focusing on leadership in young children in the Philippines. This study will explore the Early Childhood Education teachers’ perception on child leadership and the development of a survey instrument to validate the teachers’ child leadership recognition.

Methods and Findings: Exploratory Sequential Mixed Methods Research (MMR) Design was selected in order to broadly explore and analyze the Kindergarten teachers’ perception on child leadership. Focus Group Discussion was first conducted with ten (10) private school teachers for the qualitative part of the study.  The top five (5) leadership descriptors that emerged are : sought out by peers; responsible; empathetic; communicates well; and collaborative.  The twenty-five (25) items of the Leadership in Young Filipino Children Survey (LYFCS)* was prepared according to the results obtained from the FGD, and was assessed using a Likert-type response format. Ninety-five (95) Child Development Center teachers, selected through purposive sampling technique, participated in the quantitative part.

Conclusion: By using an exploratory sequential mixed methods research design to uncover the kindergarten teachers’ perception of leadership in young children, the tool Leadership in Young Filipino Children Survey (LYFCS)* was unveiled.

Keywords: Early Childhood Education, Leadership Development, Young Filipino Children, Early Childhood Education Teachers, Survey.

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A COMPARISON ON THE LEVEL OF SATISFACTION AND ITS RELATIONSHIP

Background and objective: The globalization of LMSs in HEI has created a plethora of studies on integration of information and communications technology. The utilization of LMS has become an epidemic. It spreads continuously throughout the nursing profession, especially in the undergraduate nursing programs.

Methods and Findings: This study through purposive sampling included the undergraduate nursing students in three selected nursing schools who were enrolled between second semester and summer from 2018 to 2019 and were taking up nursing management courses. The nursing students, regardless of their year level, have a higher level of satisfaction in using the features of both CANVAS and MOODLE.

Conclusion: Creating an effective LMS Utilization Model is essential to ensure that issues and challenges are completely addressed and LMSs are consistently utilized to be able to achieve a higher level of acceptance and satisfaction among nursing.

 Keywords: LMS, Nursing Students, CANVAS, MOODLE.

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ISSUES AND CONCERNS OF THE ACADEMIC WELLBEING

Background and Objective: Entering the academe is a challenging and stressful situation for all students especially to LGBTs. The academic wellbeing of students can be affected by several factors.

Methods and Findings: This qualitative study explore the issues and concerns of the academic wellbeing of the LGBT students in the university. The target population are college students who are the generation Z and now at ages 18-23 years old. The researcher came up with two major experiences to delineate the students’ academic experiences Issues and concerns affecting academic wellbeing identified four (4) themes and nine sub-themes and respondents perceptions on how school authorities address their issues and concerns.

Conclusion: There were issues and concerns identified pertaining to academic bullying. The types of bullying were more of the verbal assault, non-touching physical discrimination, and insensitivity of others.

Keywords: LGBT, Academic Wellbeing, Verbal Bullying, Discrimination Practices.

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UNDERSTANDING STUDENTS’ CONCEPTION ON CLASSROOM ASSESSMENT

Background and Objective: Assessment is the process of gathering evidences of students’ performance over a period of time to determine learning and mastery of skills. It facilitates teachers in decision making about learning progress through systematic information gathering.

Methods and Findings: This study made use of descriptive-correlational research design and forty-three third year college students taking up Bachelor of Elementary Education and Bachelor of Secondary Education enrolled in a university with a seal of center of excellence in education was selected to be part of the respondents. The findings of this study revealed that students mostly agreed that assessment made students accountable and improved the quality of teaching and learning.

Conclusion: The students have different conceptions on assessment and that assessment is essential for effective and efficient teaching and learning to take place.

Keywords: Conception on Assessment, Classroom Assessment, Assessment of Learning, Academic Performance.

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A PROPOSED STRATEGY BASED ON BRAIN-BASED LEARNING

The aim of the research is to know the use of a proposed strategy based on brain-based learning and its effect on achievement and conversion engineering for second-graders middle school students in mathematics. To achieve the goals of this research, the researchers adopted the experimental approach. Since the current search included a separate variable and two dependent variables, I used the experimental design with two groups (experimental and control).

With the post-test, the experiment was applied to the second intermediate class students in (Al-Ma’ali Secondary School for Girls) / for the academic year 2018-2019, and the research sample consisted of (81) students who were randomly divided into two experimental groups consisting of (40) students, and they were studied according to strategy (Brain-based learning) and the control group, and it consisted of (41) students who studied according to the usual method. The two groups were rewarded in the variables (time age calculated by months and test of previous mathematical knowledge and previous achievement in mathematics). The experiment was applied in the second semester (second course) For the academic year (2018-2019), the research resulted in a statistically significant difference at the significance level (0.05) between the mean scores of the experimental group and the control group in the achievement test in favor of the grades of students of the experimental group, and there is a statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between Average score for the experimental group and the control group in the conversion engineering test in favor of the grades of the experimental group students.

Keywords: Learning, Students, Achievement, Mathematics, Engineering.

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MILIEU, ATTITUDE & COGNITIVE ASPECTS OF STUDENT-CENTERED LEARNING

Recently, student-centered learning has found its place in the Philippine nursing education yet there was very limited literature as to how Filipino learners take it. This article: (a) described the assessment of implementation of student-centered learning (SCL) in the B.S. Nursing (BSN) program and (b) determined the relationships of attitude, milieu and cognitive aspects of SCL. This correlational study underwent institutional review before a sample of 250 nursing students completed the 50-item 4-point Likert Questionnaire with Chronbach α 0.94.

This study showed that Filipino nursing students assessed the implementation of both social and physical milieu as mostly acceptable. Furthermore, SCL was assessed as completely acceptable to be fittingly supportive of the nursing students’ self-directedness, inventive skills, reasoning skills and made them even more innovative, critical thinker, expressive, and collegial. They assessed the entire SCL experience as suitable and adaptive to the demands of real-life challenges. This study supported other study findings that SCL milieu, attitude and cognitive aspects are interrelated to each other. This may be suggestive that further enhancing the SCL milieu would correspondingly generate more desirable attitudes and cognitive attributes among nursing students. Full implementation of SCL may be recommended to other nursing schools.

 Keywords: Milieu, Cognitive, Attitude, Student-Centered Learning, Nursing Education.

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IMPACT OF TEACHER-STUDENT INTERACTION ON STUDENT MOTIVATION AND ACHIEVEMENT

Background: Students approximately spend six hours with teachers each day on average, for a hundred and eighty days during a year. Therefore, it originates as not at all amazement that academics have an unlimited quantity of influence on their students. This influence will meaningfully influence the educational surroundings, which in turn, impact on learner’s motivation and achievements.

Aim of the study: The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of teacher-student interactions on student motivation and achievement.

Methodology: Descriptive cross sectional correlation study method. Questionnaire on Teacher interaction and Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire was used to measure the variables. Random sampling technique was used in this study. Data was collected from faculty members and students of Lahore school of nursing, and Department of physiotherapy, University of Lahore. The sample size for this study was 217 in which 20 participants were faculty member and 197 participants were students.

Results: This study was to analyze a statistically vital correlation between teacher-student interactions and student motivation. Teachers take the time to make positive relationships then students ought to or are going to be able to develop the need for fulfillment. The strength or perception of positive teacher- student interaction ran parallel with student motivation.

Keywords: Impact of Teacher Student Interaction, Student Achievement, Student Motivation.

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TREADING UNKNOWN WATERS: THE ADOLESCENT FATHERS’ CHALLENGES

The adolescent males are partners to the phenomenon of adolescent pregnancy, yet there is no current intervention found to address their concerns. In this research, qualitative research design was used to understand the challenges experienced by the adolescent fathers and the ways they have coped with these challenges. No current data shows the population of the adolescent fathers, yet some pregnant adolescents identified some partners who are also adolescents themselves. The researcher started from two (2) participants who are enrolled in the state college, utilizing purposive sampling at this stage and the participants identified more enrolled adolescent fathers, which started the snowball sampling, thus coming up to the eight participants. The researcher made use of an unstructured interview guide to identify the challenges experienced by the adolescent fathers and the coping they have employed to overcome these challenges. From their responses, two main themes were identified for their challenges, which are: societal and personal challenges. The societal challenges include: family affairs, girlfriends (now life partners) and their fears of judgment. Their personal challenges include: financial and baby worries, the need for “me” time and student blues. Their coping manifest two themes: avoidant/emotion-focused coping and proactive/problem-focused coping, which include: budgeting, appease and communicate and acceptance. The results of this research will be made a basis for implementing a program for the deterrence of adolescence pregnancy and fatherhood.

Keywords: Challenges, Adolescent Pregnancy, Coping.

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PROFESSIONAL AND INSTRUCTIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES

This study aimed to determine the professional and instructional responsibilities among General Education faculty of a Maritime School in Bacolod City during the Second Semester of the School Year 2016-2017.

The respondents was taken from the total population of three thousand two hundred forty three (3,243) which comprises of General Education Faculty, Bachelor of Science in Marine Transportation and Bachelor of Science in Marine Engineering students and ESLP students from first year to fourth year. Using the Slovin’s formula with 5% margin of error, 352 will be taken as the sample population of the respondents.

The study revealed the following results. The level of professional and instructional responsibilities of the General Education faculty is very high as perceived by the faculty and the students of a Maritime School in Bacolod City. This finding can be attributed to the various training as well as from the constant feedback derived from the faculty evaluation of the department heads of the school.

The perceptions of the faculty and the students as regards the level of professional and instructional responsibilities of the faculty are comparably the same. The perceptions of the faculty and the students as regards the level of professional and instructional responsibilities of the faculty are comparably the same.

As for the recommendations, General Education faculty department heads should improve observation, evaluation, and feedback mechanism. General Education faculty professional relationships should be enhanced. Preparation and planning of instruction is always a must. A conducive classroom environment, readiness of instruction, and professional responsibilities must always be observed.

Keywords: Professional Responsibilities, Instructional Responsibilities, General Education, Maritime School, Conducive Classroom Environment.

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