Category Archives: 2021


Video games can be either online that can be played through the use of android or smartphones using an internet connection, or offline. With this, the researchers were encouraged to study how a video game is correlated to the engagement and academic performance of the students. The researchers determined the respondents of the study through a pre-survey where junior high school students were asked to answer the question of whether they are playing videogames or not.  The research instrument that was used in this study was a researcher-made instrument duly validated by the panel of experts. For Descriptive data analysis, mean, percentage, and standard deviation were used while for Inferential data analysis, Pearson (r) was used. The findings of the study showed when taken as a whole, the length of engagement of the students in the school was between zero to one hour; when grouped according to grade level, the length of engagement of the students in Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9 and Grade10 was between zero to one hour; The academic performance of the students when grouped according to grade level were as follows: Grade 7, Grade 8 and Grade 10 students had a good academic performance with the mean of 82.03, 82.15 and 82.10 respectively while Grade 9 students had a poor academic performance with the mean of 78.91. There was no significant linear relationship between the length of engagement and academic performance.  The p-value is .101 which is greater than the 0.05 level of significance which leads to accepting the null hypothesis. This infers that engagement in a videogame can not affect the academic performance of the students. The students must learn how to manage their time and separate personal things from school matters. They must learn how to be responsible enough in prioritizing important things related to their study and set aside those things that can distract them or cannot help them to improve their academic performance.

Keywords: Videogame Engagement, Academic Performance, Junior High School Students.

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This descriptive study was conducted to determine the performance of graduates in the selected Institutional LET Review Materials when taken as a whole and when categorized as to different areas such as Curriculum Development, Assessment of Learning, and Principles of Teaching. Moreover, this further aimed to find out if a significant difference existed in the performance of the graduates in the Selected Institutional LET Review Materials of Iloilo Science and Technology University. The respondents of the study included the 50 Teacher Education graduates who were chosen purposively. Existing LET review materials were used as an instrument for the study. Frequency, percentage, SD, and ANOVA were used as statistical tools. Results of the study revealed that the graduates got a low performance in their scores when taken as a whole and when categorized as to different areas. Moreover, no significant difference was noted in the performance of the graduates in the selected institutional LET review materials when categorized as to different areas. It can be concluded, that the Professional Education subjects are considered as a difficult subject area which needed more focused and attentive. Thus, it is recommended that for the improvement of the exam performance, addressing five important areas concern: (1) students, (2) faculty, (3) curriculum, (4) policies, and (5) methods of evaluation in the delivery of instruction.

Keywords: Institutional Research, Evaluation, Licensure Examination for Teachers, Review Materials, Descriptive Design, Philippines.

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The idea of inclusivity in education has become an abstract phenomenon in the time of the pandemic crisis. While studies show that most advanced countries are adaptive to the so-called new normal, the other side of the world is struggling to adapt to emergency remote education due to the notion of the digital divide. The disparity of society’s access to the digital world has been present even in the pre-pandemic era. However, it has predominantly visible in today’s dystopian society as it continuously navigates in the pandemic world. This paper attempts to discuss and to share a glimpse of the digital situation during the pandemic crisis. Interestingly, it presents that the digital divide widens learning spaces and significantly creates social injustices. Hence, it is highly recommended in the post-pandemic world for countries to invest in digital infrastructures, provide affordable and accessible supportive digital learning tools, resources and materials, and strengthen and expand digital literacy programs for all.

Keywords: COVID-19, Digital Divide, Digital Infrastructure, Inclusive Education, Pandemic Crisis.

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Educators are asked to investigate and get a variety of inventive Learner-Centered, Pedagogical Teaching and Learning Approaches, in order to create choices as opposed to the standard systems for Lecture. The practical and capable use of innovation depends upon really prepared teachers/instructors. They should have the choice to respect the probability of these advancements and have inspiring outlook. To finish Technology based learning in the Teacher Education Program so as the understudy instructors while they become instructors in school would no doubt use Technological devices in Classroom.


Keywords: Educational Technology, ICT.

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Ministry of Human Resource Development of Government of India has projected an elaborate and all– encompassing National Education Policy (NEP2020). Before Independence, the education in India was under the complete control of the “Masters, the British Empire”. The education policies, like the one drawn by Macaulay, as would be obvious, were not for providing any quality education to the Indians, but to churn out the “Babus”, clerks and bureaucrats, to serve the masters, pure and simple. After independence, the society went through series of changes, policies were charted and certain reforms were brought in, but the impact was still not achieved. In 2015, the GOI adapted “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SD)”and since then the impetus has been initiated. The final culmination of a long drawn and all inclusive process is NEP2020. NEP 2020 has been a very elaborate planning document. The salient feature of the issues, principles, aims and, vision, challenges, and solutions have been dealt with this article. The main focus has been on the higher education and its implementation. Due importance also has been accorded to other issues such as vocational education, research and online and digital education to mention a few. Overall, it is commendable and a very positive step forward on the part of the government. Only the time will judge, how much net effective output is actually garnered.


Keywords: Principles of Policy, Actual Policy.

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This study explored the learning space needs of library customers at Carlos Hilado Memorial State College-Alijis (CHMSC-A) as basis for a proposed customer-centered library spaces. Researcher-made questionnaire was used to determine the learning space needs of the library customer based on the Learning Space Attributes of Cunningham and Tabur. Percentage was used to determine the respondents profile in terms of number of hours spend in the library per week, department they belong, status and reasons for using the library. Weighted mean was also used to determine the importance of learning space attributes which determine the respondents learning space needs. Chi-square was also used to determine the significant relationship between the respondents profile and learning space needs. The result of this study indicated that library customers regarded comfort and image, uses and activities, and  access and linkages as the most important learning space attributes. Library customers value the library as a place, which can offer an academic ambiance for their work, a forum for engagement with others, and a flexible space that meets their various learning space needs.

Keywords: Academic Library Spaces; Customer-centered Library; Learning Space Attributes; Library Floor Plan; Library Spaces.

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Mission statements play a vital role in any university system, more especially in the strategic planning of the universities. Conducting this study through content analysis allowed the researchers to deconstruct the mission statements of selected five state universities in the CALABRAZON Region of the Philippines.

Findings reveal major themes which emerged from the analysis. These themes were construed by the researchers as vital elements in crafting university mission statements:  description, role, objectives, strategies, and graduate outcomes of the universities. Three universities declared their commitment to do their mission. Major roles of the universities are to serve as producers, providers and nurturers. Universities vary in their objectives but are mostly similar in strategizing for the areas of instruction, research, extension, and production activities to meet specific objectives.

Overall, mission statements still differ from one another even if their thrusts might be similar in ways to respond to their clientele and mandate of their university charter. These objectives and strategies were deemed aligned and fundamental in conceptualizing the strategic educational management plans of the universities.

Keywords: University Mission, Content Analysis, Mission Statements, Strategic Educational Management, Writing Mission Statements.

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The descriptive-correlational research examined the relationship between the level of anxiety and performance in mathematics among 234 pupils enrolled at one of the elementary school in the Division of Bacolod City during the school year 2016-2017. The Meece’s Math Anxiety Questionnaire and 5-point. The last three-quarter grades were used to measure the level of performance in mathematics. Result revealed that the participants’ level of anxiety by sex and section were moderate and their level of performance in mathematics as a whole was satisfactory. Also, there was a significant relationship between the level of mathematics anxiety and mathematics of the grade four pupils.The level of anxiety of the pupils also affects their performance in mathematics. The poor performances are associated with high anxiety indeed mathematics anxiety is a proxy for poor mathematics performance. The result of the study was the basis for treatment to improve students’ performance in mathematics.

Keywords: Anxiety, Mathematics Performance, Grades, Math Anxiety Questionnaire (MAQ).

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