Category Archives: 2021


The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the self-regulating capacity in language learning of the grade five students and their academic achievement in English. There were 280 students (150 males and 130 females) used as respondents in this study. The findings suggested that the higher the self-regulation capacity of the respondents, the higher would be their academic performance. Conversely, the lower their self-regulation capacity, the lower would be their academic performance. Schools must give importance and attention to the development of the learners’ Self-Regulating Capacity in Language Learning since result had shown that this has a significant relationship to the learners’ academic performance in English. The descriptive-correlational survey design was used in this research.

Keywords: Self-regulation, Academic Achievement, Language, Learning.

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Gay lingo evolved as a form of anti-languages which are usually developed by marginalized communities as a secret language to protect themselves from discrimination. For posterity reasons, the existing language of Hiligaynon-Visayan gays needs to be documented for future reference as changes in its lexicon are quite rapid. To have a better understanding of how Hiligaynon-Visayan gay lingo is formed, a structural analysis of its morphology was conducted. This study utilized a self-administered questionnaire that identified the common vocabulary of local gays. Based on the data provided by 25 purposively selected gay college students and professionals of Carlos Hilado Memorial State College, it revealed that gay lingo is just an adaptation of the mainstream languages such as Hiligaynon-Visayan, English, and Filipino. Findings show that Ilonggo gays construct their lexicon through clipping with affixation, straight words with affixation, use of popular names, nativization of loan words, cancellation, connotation through images, and using loan words with corrupted denotation. In conclusion, the spoken discourse of Hiligaynon-Visayan gays of CHMSC observes no structural rules, is constantly evolving, its changes are deliberate and in tune with the times.

Keywords: Gay lingo, Hiligaynon-Visayan, Discourse Analysis, Lexicon, Morphological.

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This study aimed to investigate on the reading efficiency and academic performance to address the poor achievement rate of students in the National Achievement Test (NAT). Grade 10 students in one of the secondary schools in Northern Negros for the school year 2019-2020 were the respondents of the study and were selected through stratified random sampling. A modified reading Rate Comprehension Test result and the learners’ Progress Report Card (Form 138) were used to determine the relationship between reading efficiency and academic performance. One-way Anova and t-test were used to determine the significant difference between reading efficiency level and academic performance and Pearson r Correlation was used to determine the significant relationship between reading efficiency level and academic performance of the students. Partial correlation and independent t- test were used as specific statistical techniques. A significant difference was noted in the reading efficiency of the students when grouped and compared according to type of reading materials read and average family monthly income but not significant when grouped according to sex. Statistics results of the investigation on academic performance of the students disclosed a significant correlation between reading efficiency and academic performance. The findings confirmed that reading efficiency influenced significantly the academic performance and therefore, an enhancement program must be formulated.

Keywords: Reading Efficiency, Academic Performance, Comprehension Skills, National Achievement Test.

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Background and Objectives: The accomplishment of academic tasks among college students is challenging during online learning. Time management strategies particularly Pomodoro and Flowtime Technique were utilized to test its effects on the procrastination behavior and academic motivation of college students.

Methods and Findings: This study utilized a True Experimental research pretest-posttest randomized experimental design to measure and explore the relationship between the variables of the study. The two questionnaires used as research instruments were the Irrational Procrastination Scale and the Motivational Diagnostic Test. The Experimental group applied the Pomodoro Technique while the Control group used the Flowtime Technique. The study resulted to a decrease in the procrastination behavior from 29.60 to 27.60 mean, and academic motivation, from 86.70 to 84.10 mean in the experimental group. The control group has a slight decreased in the procrastination behavior, with a mean from 26.69 to 27.38, and academic motivation mean from 83.46 to 82.62.

Conclusion: The application of Pomodoro technique resulted in a slight improvement on the respondents’ procrastination behavior. Both techniques reduced the academic motivation of respondents. However, its application has no significant difference in procrastination behavior and academic motivation of the respondents.

Keywords: Pomodoro Technique, Procrastination Behavior, Academic Motivation.

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Background and Objective:  Parental involvement serves as one way of helping a child to overcome the difficulties they are facing in their school life that leads them to have success in school performance. These parental involvement  usually started when they enter the primary years in school where the parent serve as their home based teacher that help them specially when it comes to reading. The objective of the research is to determine the role of the parent- teacher and it’s connection with the reading performance of the students as an effect of the Remedial Reading. It also deals with the capabilities of the parents to serve as a parent teacher for the pupil. Strategies used by the parents were also queried and look for which amongst these is the most effective one in helping the child to have progress in their reading performance.

Methods and Findings: The research designed utilized is qualitative approach. Face to face interview was used to gather data because it allows the researcher to collect enormous information during a short period of time. The face to face interviews provided the parents an opportunity to clarify their responses. Audio recorder was used during the interview in order to clarify the responses. Reading performance of the child were improved upon having parental involvement at home.

Conclusions: Parental involvement in education of their children is a key function of child total functioning as well as their success in reading. Parental involvement practices at home or at school have been found to influence children’s academic performance as well as their reading Performance.  They play dynamic roles in enhancing the reading performance of their child. Thus, it is concluded that every parent found it possible to conduct remedial reading for their child and it show a pronounced impact on the reading performance of the child.


Keywords: Parents, Teacher, Remedial Reading.

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This research is on the impact of Novel COVID-19 on the West African Educational system. The Novel COVID-19 pandemic has affected the educational systems worldwide, which leads to near-total closures of schools, colleges, and universities worldwide. Governments across the world decided to close educational institutions temporary in an attempt to reduce the spread of the Virus. The educational system and schools in West Africa have changed over time and currently with the increasing cases of COVID-19 across the world. The introduction of the West African Examination Council (WAEC) which is made up of the English Speaking Countries in West Africa was a great one since its establishment in the 1980s but due to the Coronavirus in the year 2019/2020, the examination has to be written differently according to each countries arrangement in the year 2020. This is the first time in history since the establishment of this educational system that the exams were written separately. In this study, a qualitative interview was conducted with the teachers, students, and parents/guardian of the students in the secondary schools on their views and experiences during the COVID-19 Era. The researcher found out that, the COVID-19 has affected the performance of the students’. While some of the parents were saying their kids’ performance is excellent, some said the student passed but the general performance is not encouraging. Others guardians also mentioned that their children failed woefully. According to some of the students we interviewed, that, though they passed the exams, they knew nothing. Some of the students also reveal that the exams papers were remarked because initially over 80 percent of them failed and after the remarking, the examination favoured some of them. The teachers also mentioned that the students were home and not studying. The books, assignments and pass questions given to them was not utilized and they concluded that the general performance of the 2020 WAEC student was poor. We recommend that governments of the various countries should work hard towards ending Coronavirus for schools to resume fully and students to learn effectively.


Keywords: Coronavirus, West African Educational System, WAEC, Qualitative Research.

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The closure of educational institutes due to COVID-19 outbreak interrupted the regular classroom teaching and forced them to opt for virtual mode of teaching and learning. The point of composing this paper was to understand the effectiveness of online learning during this ongoing pandemic and to know the teacher’s feelings about this uncertain situation. This research study aims to identify the attitude of the teachers towards online teaching during this pandemic. For the purpose of this article, the approach embraced was descriptive survey. The quantitative data was collected through self designed online questionnaire; using convenience sampling technique, which has fetched 350 responses across Punjab. The sample comprised of higher educational institutes teachers who were using e-learning methods to teach their students amid this lockdown phase. The suitable statistical tools have been utilized to analyze the data. The results suggested that most of the teachers were already well versed with digital teaching tools but still they felt that in order to effectively teach their own particular subjects online they require some guidance. In the end it is recommended that teacher to teacher collaboration can help teachers in addressing the concerns of online learning gaps experienced by their students in times of this crisis.


Keywords: Covid-19, Online Learning, Perceptions, Online Learning Gaps.

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The purpose of this paper is to explore college students’ perspectives of social equality and equity in Indian higher education system in the present-day context. This study is undertaken to examine the factors leading to inequalities in different dimensions of higher education and to suggest ways to promote equality and fairness in the future. The participants of study included students studying in final year undergraduate programmes of science, commerce, arts and interdisciplinary studies in different colleges across north, south and central Mumbai. The research was designed using a qualitative phenomenological approach. Data were collected through in-depth individual interviews and focus group discussions. The study findings revealed that the majority of students were of the opinion that higher education institutions should have well analysed and researched admission criteria rather than maintaining the traditional system. The students emphasized the utmost need to have merit and economic standing as sole criterion for admission to university education in order to ensure equity and fairness in educational opportunities. Additionally, higher education must prioritize equal distribution of educational opportunities to all members of society, particularly for those students who are living in rural parts of the country.


Keywords: Higher Education, Equality and Equity, Perspectives.

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A competency-based approach goes beyond the acquisition of knowledge and skills to include the mobilization of knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values to meet complex requirements. Students who are prepared for the future will need both broad and specialized knowledge. In the future, disciplinary knowledge will continue to be vital since it will serve as the raw material from which new knowledge can be generated, as will the ability to think beyond the boundaries of disciplines and “connect the dots.” Students’ epistemic knowledge, or understanding of different disciplines, such as knowing how to think like a mathematician, historian, or scientist, will be important since it will allow them to broaden their disciplinary knowledge. Procedural knowledge is gained through an understanding of how something is done or manufactured – the succession of stages or actions that are taken to achieve a specific result. A portion of procedural knowledge is domain-specific, while the remainder is transferrable across domains. Practical problem-solving methods, such as design thinking and systems thinking, are commonly used to build them.

Universities and colleges across the country are increasingly embracing online education, and the number of students enrolled in distance education programs is rapidly increasing in colleges and universities across the country. In response to these shifts in enrollment demands, many state and local governments, institutions, and organizations are developing strategic plans to implement online education. The misconceptions and myths about the difficulty of teaching and learning online, the technologies available to support online instruction, the support and compensation required for high-quality instructors, and the needs of online students all pose difficulties with such vision statements and planning documents to achieve their goals.


Keywords: Knowledge, Skills, Competency-based Approach, Online Education, Design Thinking.

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Mixed methods research has come to stay as a research paradigm. However, quality variance in the mixed methods research conducted generally and especially at the post graduate level has been a major challenge. This study assessed the quality of mixed methods Ph.D. theses written by post graduate students in line with the framework for ensuring quality as propounded by Onwuegbuzie and Corrigan (2014). The authors carried out an in-depth content analysis of seven (7) Ph.D. theses written in the field of education between 2014 -2020. It was found that despite the framework formulated to achieve rigour in mixed methods research, a large number of these theses do not meet the criteria specified in the framework. The noncompliance to the framework is predominantly found in the research objectives, mixed methods sampling techniques, mixed data analysis strategy and the other phases of the studies. The study therefore concludes that the framework for ensuring rigour in mixed methods research is a quality control mechanism. Mixed methods research, like its qualitative and quantitative counterparts, can only be ethically defensive if it carries rigour. Therefore, the study recommends that the pure mixed methods researchers; most especially the Ph.D. researchers, should inject quality in their mixed methods studies for it to be worthwhile. Such quality-injection mechanisms can be achieved by specifying the philosophical perspectives guiding their studies, the goal of mixed methods studies, mixed methods sampling techniques adopted, methods of integrating qualitative and quantitative phases, legitimation approaches adopted and the other attributes specified for mixed methods studies in the framework.

Keywords: Framework, Mixed Methods, Paradigm, Rigor, Legitimation.

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