TUDENTS’ AND TEACHERS’ OPINIONS OF THE CHALLENGES AFFECTING THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF MATHEMATICS IN OSUN STATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS, NIGERIA

This study investigated the opinions of teachers and students on the challenges affecting the teaching and learning of mathematics in Osun state secondary schools, Nigeria. The study population consisted of all mathematics teachers and students in secondary schools in Osun state. Only 100 teachers and 200 students of senior secondary school 1, 2 and 3 constituted the study sample. The descriptive survey method was employed. Two self-developed instruments by the researchers (the teacher and students opinionnaires) were used for data collection. The Cronbach alpha method was used in determining the reliability of the instruments which yielded an index of 0.75 and 0.78 respectively. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequencies counts and percentages). Findings of this study revealed that inadequate instructional materials and mathematics teachers, lack of teacher incentive and training programmes and seminars for teachers, large class size are the factors affecting the teaching and learning of mathematics in senior secondary schools; factors affecting students learning of mathematics include: poor motivation, lack of time for practice and necessary textbooks, poor study habits, parents’ poor financial status, and students from absenteeism from class. More so, the solutions to the challenges as proffered by the study are: mathematics teaching be related to real life situations, students spending more time on mathematics learning, conducive classrooms, provision of adequate textbooks for students, prompt payment of school fees by parent, encouraging personalized learning, parental assistance with homework, parents motivating students, adequate preparation of lesson note/plan, increased incentives for teachers, small class size, organizing regular training for teachers, provision of adequate instructional materials for teachers and mathematics class should be made more interactive. Recommendations were made.

Keywords: Challenges, Solution, Teaching, Learning, Mathematics, Nigeria.

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